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EV Abbreviations 101: Navigating Electric Vehicle Terminology

Unlock the world of electric vehicles! Dive into our guide on EV Abbreviations 101 and conquer the jargon of electric vehicle terminology.
EV-design

When it comes to electric vehicle(EV), there are a lot of abbreviations that can be confusing. Here is a list of the most common abbreviations and their meanings. Knowing these EV abbreviations will help you understand EVs faster and more easily.

 

EV-Abbreviations-in-a-car

A Group

  • AC (Alternating Current): AC refers to the flow of electric charge that alternates direction periodically. It’s commonly used for electric vehicle charging.
  • ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act): ADA is a law that ensures accessibility for people with disabilities, including provisions for EV charging facilities.
  • ADAS (Advanced Driver Assistance Systems): ADAS includes technologies like automatic braking and lane-keeping, enhancing EV safety.
  • AEV (All-Electric Vehicle): AEVs solely run on electric power, without any internal combustion engine or hybrid components.
  • AI (Artificial Intelligence): AI enhances EV capabilities, enabling features like autonomous driving and energy management.
  • AP (Autopilot): AP is a self-driving technology that assists in steering, acceleration, and braking for EVs.
  • ARPA-E (Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy): ARPA-E funds innovative energy technologies, including advancements in EVs.
  • AV (Autonomous Vehicle): AVs can operate without human intervention, revolutionizing the future of transportation.
  • AVP (Autonomous Vehicle Platform): AVP is a foundation for building autonomous systems in EVs, paving the way for self-driving cars.

B Group

  • B2B (Business-to-Business): B2B interactions involve EV-related collaborations between companies.
  • B2C (Business-to-Consumer): B2C relates to EV sales and services directed at individual customers.
  • BDC (Battery Disconnect Circuit): BDC ensures the safe disconnection of an EV’s battery from the electrical system.
  • BESS (Battery Energy Storage System): BESS stores excess energy from EVs, enhancing grid stability and efficiency.
  • BEV(Battery Electric Vehicle): Add a set of motor equipment in the car, does not provide a charging socket, so it is still mainly gasoline as a power, electricity as an auxiliary power to implement, to reduce the consumption of gasoline, to achieve the purpose of energy saving, can only refueling, can not be charged!
  • BMS (Battery Management System): BMS optimizes EV battery performance, ensuring safety, efficiency, and longevity.

C Group

  • CAD (Computer-Aided Design): CAD aids in designing precise EV components and systems.
  • CARB (California Air Resources Board): CARB sets emissions standards that influence EV development and adoption.
  • CCS (Combined Charging System): CCS is a fast-charging standard for EVs, enabling quicker and convenient charging.
  • CDM (Charge-Depleting Mode): CDM is when an EV primarily uses electric power and minimizes gasoline use.
  • CDP (Charge-Depleting Plus Charge-Sustaining Mode): CDP balances electric and gas usage in hybrid EVs.
  • CEV (Conventional Electric Vehicle): CEVs use both electricity and liquid fuels for propulsion.
  • CHAdeMO (CHArge de MOve): CHAdeMO is a fast-charging standard for EVs.
  • CID (Cylinder Identification): CID optimizes combustion engines in hybrid EVs, improving efficiency.
  • CNG (Compressed Natural Gas): CNG is an alternative fuel source for certain EV models.
  • CO2 (Carbon Dioxide): EVs reduce CO2 emissions compared to traditional vehicles, benefiting the environment.
  • CPO (Certified Pre-Owned): CPO EVs undergo inspection and meet criteria for resale, offering reliability.
  • CPO (Charging point owner): CPO is responsible for EV charging station ownership.
  • CPM (Charging point manager): CPM oversees the operation of EV charging stations.
  • CRM (Customer Relationship Management): CRM systems improve the EV customer experience.
  • CUV (Compact Utility Vehicle): CUVs are electric SUVs that offer versatility and efficiency.

D Group

  • DC (Direct Current): DC charging quickly replenishes EV batteries, allowing for shorter charging times.
  • DLM (Dynamic Load Management): DLM optimizes energy distribution in EV charging.
  • DOE (Department of Energy): DOE supports research and innovation in EV technology.
  • DSO (Distribution system operator): DSO manages the electrical grid’s distribution.
  • DTC (Diagnostic Trouble Code): DTC helps diagnose and address issues in EVs.

E Group

  • ECU (Electric Control Unit): ECU manages various EV systems, ensuring efficient performance.
  • EER (Electric Efficiency Ratio): EER measures an EV’s energy conversion efficiency.
  • EMI (Electromagnetic Interference): EMI mitigation is crucial in EV design to prevent interference.
  • EMotor (Electric Motor): EMotors power EVs, offering smooth and efficient propulsion.
  • EMP (Electro-mobility provider): EMP offers EV-related services.
  • EMSP (Electro-mobility service provider): EMSP delivers EV-specific services.
  • EPA (Environmental Protection Agency): EPA sets efficiency and emissions standards, shaping the EV industry.
  • EREV (Extended-Range Electric Vehicle): EREVs use both electric power and a gasoline generator, extending range.
  • ESC (Electronic Stability Control): ESC enhances EV stability and safety, especially in challenging conditions.
  • ESS (Energy Storage System): ESS stores and manages energy in EVs and renewable systems.
  • EV (Electric Vehicle): EVs run on electricity, reducing emissions and dependence on fossil fuels.
  • EVSE (Electric vehicle supply equipment): EVSE refers to charging infrastructure for EVs.

F Group

  • FCEV (Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle): FCEVs use hydrogen fuel cells to generate electricity, emitting only water vapor.
  • FCV (Fuel Cell Vehicle): FCVs use fuel cells for power, contributing to clean and efficient EV technology.

G Group

  • GDI (Gasoline Direct Injection): GDI improves fuel efficiency in internal combustion engines by injecting gasoline directly into the combustion chamber.
  • GHG (Greenhouse gas): GHGs contribute to climate change; EVs help reduce GHG emissions.
  • GND (Ground): GND is the reference point in an electrical circuit, crucial for safe operation.

H Group

  • HEV (Hybrid Electric Vehicle): HEVs combine an internal combustion engine with an electric motor for improved efficiency.
  • HMI (Human-Machine Interface): HMI enables interaction between humans and EV technology through interfaces like screens and controls.
  • HPEV (High-Performance Electric Vehicle): HPEVs offer exceptional speed and acceleration, showcasing the power of electric propulsion.
  • HV (High Voltage): HV systems in EVs carry high electrical energy for motor and battery operation.

I Group

  • ICE (Internal Combustion Engine): ICEs burn fuel to generate power for conventional vehicles.
  • IEC 61851: IEC 61851 sets standards for EV charging communication protocols.
  • IEC 62196: IEC 62196 defines EV charging connector standards for EU market.
  • IEC 62196-2: IEC Type 2 is a common AC charging connector standard for EVs for EU market.
  • IEC 62196-3: IEC Type 3 is another standard for EV charging connectors for EU market.
  • ISO (International Organization for Standardization): ISO develops international standards shaping EV technology.

J Group

  • J1772: SAE J1772 is a standard for EV charging connectors and plugs in the US market.

K Group

  • kWh (Kilowatt-hour): kWh measures EV battery capacity and energy consumption.

L Group

  • Level 1: Level 1 charging uses standard AC outlets for EVs.
  • Level 2: Level 2 charging provides higher power with 240V AC supply.
  • Level 3: Level 3, or DC Fast Charging, rapidly charges EVs.
  • LFP (Lithium Iron Phosphate): LFP is a battery chemistry known for its safety and durability.
  • LIDAR (Light Detection and Ranging): LIDAR sensors aid in autonomous driving by measuring distances.
  • LiFePO4 (Lithium Iron Phosphate): LiFePO4 is a type of lithium-ion battery.
  • Li-ion (Lithium-ion): Li-ion batteries power most EVs due to their high energy density.
  • LPG (Liquified Petroleum Gas): LPG can be used as an alternative fuel for certain EVs.

M Group

  • MCS (Motor Control System): MCS manages EV motor functions.
  • MPGe (Miles Per Gallon of Gasoline Equivalent): MPGe quantifies EV efficiency relative to gasoline cars.

N Group

  • NEDC (New European Driving Cycle): NEDC measures vehicle emissions and fuel consumption.
  • NEV (Neighborhood Electric Vehicle): NEVs are small electric cars designed for local commuting.
  • NHTSA (National Highway Traffic Safety Administration): NHTSA sets safety standards for EVs.

O Group

  • OBC (On-Board Charger): OBC converts AC power for EV battery charging.
  • OEM (Original Equipment Manufacturer): OEMs produce EVs and components.
  • OTA (Over-The-Air Update): OTA updates improve EV software remotely.

P Group

  • PHEV (Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle): PHEVs combine electric and internal combustion propulsion.
  • PMSM (Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor): PMSMs are common EV motor types.
  • PTC (Positive Temperature Coefficient): PTC elements manage EV battery temperature.

Q Group

  • QC (Quick Charger): QC provides fast EV charging.

R Group

  • REX (Range Extender): REX uses an internal combustion engine to extend EV range.
  • RFID (Radio-frequency identification): RFID technology enhances EV security and access.
  • RPM (Revolutions Per Minute): RPM measures EV motor speed.
  • RWD (Rear-Wheel Drive): RWD powers EVs through rear wheels.

S Group

  • SAE (Society of Automotive Engineers): SAE sets standards and guidelines for EV development.
  • SAS (Steering Angle Sensor): SAS enhances EV stability and safety.
  • SOC (State of Charge): SOC indicates EV battery energy level.
  • SOH (State of Health): SOH indicates an EV battery’s overall health and capacity over time.

T Group

  • TCO (Total Cost of Ownership): TCO evaluates the comprehensive expenses of owning an EV.
  • TMS (Thermal Management System): TMS regulates EV battery temperature for optimal performance.
  • TPMS (Tire Pressure Monitoring System): TPMS maintains proper tire pressure, enhancing safety and efficiency.
  • TSO (Transmission system operator): TSO manages the electrical grid’s transmission.
  • Type 1: Type 1 refers to the North American EV plug standard (SAE J1772).
  • Type 2: Type 2 is the European EV plug standard (IEC 62196-2).
  • Type 3: Type 3 is another European EV plug standard (IEC 62196-3).

U Group

  • ULEV (Ultra-Low Emission Vehicle): ULEVs have minimal emissions, benefiting the environment.

V Group

  • V2B (Vehicle-to-building): V2B utilizes EVs to power buildings.
  • V2G (Vehicle-to-Grid): V2G enables EVs to supply energy back to the grid, enhancing grid stability.
  • V2H (Vehicle-to-Home): V2H uses EV batteries to power homes during outages or high-demand periods.
  • V2X (Vehicle-to-Everything): V2X encompasses various connections between EVs and infrastructure.

W Group

  • WEC (Wireless Electric Vehicle Charging): WEC allows EVs to charge without physical connections.
  • WLTP (Worldwide Harmonized Light Vehicles Test Procedure): WLTP measures EV emissions and efficiency.

Z Group

  • ZEV (Zero Emission Vehicle): ZEVs produce no tailpipe emissions, reducing environmental impact.
 

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