Close this search box.

EV Abbreviations 101: Navigating Electric Vehicle Terminology

Unlock the world of electric vehicles! Dive into our guide on EV Abbreviations 101 and conquer the jargon of electric vehicle terminology.

When it comes to electric vehicle(EV), there are a lot of abbreviations that can be confusing. Here is a list of the most common abbreviations and their meanings. Knowing these EV abbreviations will help you understand EVs faster and more easily.



A Group

  • AC (Alternating Current): AC refers to the flow of electric charge that alternates direction periodically. It’s commonly used for electric vehicle charging.
  • ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act): ADA is a law that ensures accessibility for people with disabilities, including provisions for EV charging facilities.
  • ADAS (Advanced Driver Assistance Systems): ADAS includes technologies like automatic braking and lane-keeping, enhancing EV safety.
  • AEV (All-Electric Vehicle): AEVs solely run on electric power, without any internal combustion engine or hybrid components.
  • AI (Artificial Intelligence): AI enhances EV capabilities, enabling features like autonomous driving and energy management.
  • AP (Autopilot): AP is a self-driving technology that assists in steering, acceleration, and braking for EVs.
  • ARPA-E (Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy): ARPA-E funds innovative energy technologies, including advancements in EVs.
  • AV (Autonomous Vehicle): AVs can operate without human intervention, revolutionizing the future of transportation.
  • AVP (Autonomous Vehicle Platform): AVP is a foundation for building autonomous systems in EVs, paving the way for self-driving cars.

B Group

  • B2B (Business-to-Business): B2B interactions involve EV-related collaborations between companies.
  • B2C (Business-to-Consumer): B2C relates to EV sales and services directed at individual customers.
  • BDC (Battery Disconnect Circuit): BDC ensures the safe disconnection of an EV’s battery from the electrical system.
  • BESS (Battery Energy Storage System): BESS stores excess energy from EVs, enhancing grid stability and efficiency.
  • BEV(Battery Electric Vehicle): Add a set of motor equipment in the car, does not provide a charging socket, so it is still mainly gasoline as a power, electricity as an auxiliary power to implement, to reduce the consumption of gasoline, to achieve the purpose of energy saving, can only refueling, can not be charged!
  • BMS (Battery Management System): BMS optimizes EV battery performance, ensuring safety, efficiency, and longevity.

C Group

  • CAD (Computer-Aided Design): CAD aids in designing precise EV components and systems.
  • CARB (California Air Resources Board): CARB sets emissions standards that influence EV development and adoption.
  • CCS (Combined Charging System): CCS is a fast-charging standard for EVs, enabling quicker and convenient charging.
  • CDM (Charge-Depleting Mode): CDM is when an EV primarily uses electric power and minimizes gasoline use.
  • CDP (Charge-Depleting Plus Charge-Sustaining Mode): CDP balances electric and gas usage in hybrid EVs.
  • CEV (Conventional Electric Vehicle): CEVs use both electricity and liquid fuels for propulsion.
  • CHAdeMO (CHArge de MOve): CHAdeMO is a fast-charging standard for EVs.
  • CID (Cylinder Identification): CID optimizes combustion engines in hybrid EVs, improving efficiency.
  • CNG (Compressed Natural Gas): CNG is an alternative fuel source for certain EV models.
  • CO2 (Carbon Dioxide): EVs reduce CO2 emissions compared to traditional vehicles, benefiting the environment.
  • CPO (Certified Pre-Owned): CPO EVs undergo inspection and meet criteria for resale, offering reliability.
  • CPO (Charging point owner): CPO is responsible for EV charging station ownership.
  • CPM (Charging point manager): CPM oversees the operation of EV charging stations.
  • CRM (Customer Relationship Management): CRM systems improve the EV customer experience.
  • CUV (Compact Utility Vehicle): CUVs are electric SUVs that offer versatility and efficiency.

D Group

  • DC (Direct Current): DC charging quickly replenishes EV batteries, allowing for shorter charging times.
  • DLM (Dynamic Load Management): DLM optimizes energy distribution in EV charging.
  • DOE (Department of Energy): DOE supports research and innovation in EV technology.
  • DSO (Distribution system operator): DSO manages the electrical grid’s distribution.
  • DTC (Diagnostic Trouble Code): DTC helps diagnose and address issues in EVs.

E Group

  • ECU (Electric Control Unit): ECU manages various EV systems, ensuring efficient performance.
  • EER (Electric Efficiency Ratio): EER measures an EV’s energy conversion efficiency.
  • EMI (Electromagnetic Interference): EMI mitigation is crucial in EV design to prevent interference.
  • EMotor (Electric Motor): EMotors power EVs, offering smooth and efficient propulsion.
  • EMP (Electro-mobility provider): EMP offers EV-related services.
  • EMSP (Electro-mobility service provider): EMSP delivers EV-specific services.
  • EPA (Environmental Protection Agency): EPA sets efficiency and emissions standards, shaping the EV industry.
  • EREV (Extended-Range Electric Vehicle): EREVs use both electric power and a gasoline generator, extending range.
  • ESC (Electronic Stability Control): ESC enhances EV stability and safety, especially in challenging conditions.
  • ESS (Energy Storage System): ESS stores and manages energy in EVs and renewable systems.
  • EV (Electric Vehicle): EVs run on electricity, reducing emissions and dependence on fossil fuels.
  • EVSE (Electric vehicle supply equipment): EVSE refers to charging infrastructure for EVs.

F Group

  • FCEV (Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle): FCEVs use hydrogen fuel cells to generate electricity, emitting only water vapor.
  • FCV (Fuel Cell Vehicle): FCVs use fuel cells for power, contributing to clean and efficient EV technology.

G Group

  • GDI (Gasoline Direct Injection): GDI improves fuel efficiency in internal combustion engines by injecting gasoline directly into the combustion chamber.
  • GHG (Greenhouse gas): GHGs contribute to climate change; EVs help reduce GHG emissions.
  • GND (Ground): GND is the reference point in an electrical circuit, crucial for safe operation.

H Group

  • HEV (Hybrid Electric Vehicle): HEVs combine an internal combustion engine with an electric motor for improved efficiency.
  • HMI (Human-Machine Interface): HMI enables interaction between humans and EV technology through interfaces like screens and controls.
  • HPEV (High-Performance Electric Vehicle): HPEVs offer exceptional speed and acceleration, showcasing the power of electric propulsion.
  • HV (High Voltage): HV systems in EVs carry high electrical energy for motor and battery operation.

I Group

  • ICE (Internal Combustion Engine): ICEs burn fuel to generate power for conventional vehicles.
  • IEC 61851: IEC 61851 sets standards for EV charging communication protocols.
  • IEC 62196: IEC 62196 defines EV charging connector standards for EU market.
  • IEC 62196-2: IEC Type 2 is a common AC charging connector standard for EVs for EU market.
  • IEC 62196-3: IEC Type 3 is another standard for EV charging connectors for EU market.
  • ISO (International Organization for Standardization): ISO develops international standards shaping EV technology.

J Group

  • J1772: SAE J1772 is a standard for EV charging connectors and plugs in the US market.

K Group

  • kWh (Kilowatt-hour): kWh measures EV battery capacity and energy consumption.

L Group

  • Level 1: Level 1 charging uses standard AC outlets for EVs.
  • Level 2: Level 2 charging provides higher power with 240V AC supply.
  • Level 3: Level 3, or DC Fast Charging, rapidly charges EVs.
  • LFP (Lithium Iron Phosphate): LFP is a battery chemistry known for its safety and durability.
  • LIDAR (Light Detection and Ranging): LIDAR sensors aid in autonomous driving by measuring distances.
  • LiFePO4 (Lithium Iron Phosphate): LiFePO4 is a type of lithium-ion battery.
  • Li-ion (Lithium-ion): Li-ion batteries power most EVs due to their high energy density.
  • LPG (Liquified Petroleum Gas): LPG can be used as an alternative fuel for certain EVs.

M Group

  • MCS (Motor Control System): MCS manages EV motor functions.
  • MPGe (Miles Per Gallon of Gasoline Equivalent): MPGe quantifies EV efficiency relative to gasoline cars.

N Group

  • NEDC (New European Driving Cycle): NEDC measures vehicle emissions and fuel consumption.
  • NEV (Neighborhood Electric Vehicle): NEVs are small electric cars designed for local commuting.
  • NHTSA (National Highway Traffic Safety Administration): NHTSA sets safety standards for EVs.

O Group

  • OBC (On-Board Charger): OBC converts AC power for EV battery charging.
  • OEM (Original Equipment Manufacturer): OEMs produce EVs and components.
  • OTA (Over-The-Air Update): OTA updates improve EV software remotely.

P Group

  • PHEV (Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle): PHEVs combine electric and internal combustion propulsion.
  • PMSM (Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor): PMSMs are common EV motor types.
  • PTC (Positive Temperature Coefficient): PTC elements manage EV battery temperature.

Q Group

  • QC (Quick Charger): QC provides fast EV charging.

R Group

  • REX (Range Extender): REX uses an internal combustion engine to extend EV range.
  • RFID (Radio-frequency identification): RFID technology enhances EV security and access.
  • RPM (Revolutions Per Minute): RPM measures EV motor speed.
  • RWD (Rear-Wheel Drive): RWD powers EVs through rear wheels.

S Group

  • SAE (Society of Automotive Engineers): SAE sets standards and guidelines for EV development.
  • SAS (Steering Angle Sensor): SAS enhances EV stability and safety.
  • SOC (State of Charge): SOC indicates EV battery energy level.
  • SOH (State of Health): SOH indicates an EV battery’s overall health and capacity over time.

T Group

  • TCO (Total Cost of Ownership): TCO evaluates the comprehensive expenses of owning an EV.
  • TMS (Thermal Management System): TMS regulates EV battery temperature for optimal performance.
  • TPMS (Tire Pressure Monitoring System): TPMS maintains proper tire pressure, enhancing safety and efficiency.
  • TSO (Transmission system operator): TSO manages the electrical grid’s transmission.
  • Type 1: Type 1 refers to the North American EV plug standard (SAE J1772).
  • Type 2: Type 2 is the European EV plug standard (IEC 62196-2).
  • Type 3: Type 3 is another European EV plug standard (IEC 62196-3).

U Group

  • ULEV (Ultra-Low Emission Vehicle): ULEVs have minimal emissions, benefiting the environment.

V Group

  • V2B (Vehicle-to-building): V2B utilizes EVs to power buildings.
  • V2G (Vehicle-to-Grid): V2G enables EVs to supply energy back to the grid, enhancing grid stability.
  • V2H (Vehicle-to-Home): V2H uses EV batteries to power homes during outages or high-demand periods.
  • V2X (Vehicle-to-Everything): V2X encompasses various connections between EVs and infrastructure.

W Group

  • WEC (Wireless Electric Vehicle Charging): WEC allows EVs to charge without physical connections.
  • WLTP (Worldwide Harmonized Light Vehicles Test Procedure): WLTP measures EV emissions and efficiency.

Z Group

  • ZEV (Zero Emission Vehicle): ZEVs produce no tailpipe emissions, reducing environmental impact.

Want to Know More EV information?

Check our EV Resources Page

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Custom service for you

Picture of Leo Chen
Leo Chen

Leo has rich experience in the field of EV charger industry.

Share this Post

More Posts

Send Us A Message

Send an Enquiry